吃蘑菇有助于预防前列腺癌 Eating mushrooms may help lower prostate cancer risk

编者注:

来自这类研究的证据是观察性的,在这种情况下意味着吃蘑菇可能会或可能不会导致前列腺癌风险降低。 是的,越来越多的科学证据证实,吃蘑菇有助于预防甚至对抗癌症。 请记住,吃蘑菇的人也可能会吃很多其他蔬菜,这也可能有助于预防癌症。 带回家的信息是,吃蘑菇,还有其他健康的全食品。

Editor’s note:
Evidence from studies like this is observational, which in this case means that eating mushroom may or may not be the cause for reduced prostate cancer risk.  Yes, a growing body of scientific evidence confirms that mushroom consumption indeed help prevent or even fight cancer.  Keep in mind though that those who eat mushroom may also eat lots of other vegetables, which may also help prevent cancer.  The take-home message is, eat mushroom but also other healthy whole foods.
NEWS RELEASE 

Eating mushrooms may help lower prostate cancer risk

WILEY

A new study published in the International Journal of Cancer found an inverse relationship between mushroom consumption and the development of prostate cancer among middle-aged and elderly Japanese men, suggesting that regular mushroom intake might help to prevent prostate cancer.

A total of 36,499 men, aged 40 to 79 years who participated in the Miyagi Cohort Study in 1990 and in the Ohsaki Cohort Study in 1994 were followed for a median of 13.2 years. During follow-up, 3.3% of participants developed prostate cancer. Compared with mushroom consumption of less than once per week, consumption once or twice a week was associated with an 8% lower risk of prostate cancer and consumption three or more times per week was associated with a 17% lower risk.

“Since information on mushroom species was not collected, it is difficult to know which specific mushroom(s) contributed to our findings. Also, the mechanism of the beneficial effects of mushrooms on prostate cancer remains uncertain,” said lead author Shu Zhang, PhD, of the Tohoku University School of Public Health, in Japan.

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