09/19/17 (jkzx.com) – 对瑞典人群的一项新研究发现，高钠水平的消费与成人新发糖尿病风险升高之间有联系。
Salt may raise risk for type 2 and late autoimmune diabetes in adults
A new study of the Swedish population finds a link between consumption of high levels of sodium and elevated risk for new-onset diabetes in adults.
Those who had high intake of sodium are found 43% more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study is authored by Bahareh Rasouli of the Institute of Environmental Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and colleagues.
The study also finds that risk for diagnosis with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) was 73% increased among those who eat one additional gram of sodium per day.
Those who eat more than 2.87 grams of sodium per day are 119% more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes, compared to those eating less than 2.354 grams of sodium per day.
The American Heart Association recommends that individuals should not eat more than 2.4 grams of sodium per day or 6 grams of salt per day.
Sodium has a greater impact on the risk for LADA in people who carry leukocyte antigen genotypes. High sodium diets are associated with 287% increased risk for the diabetes.
LADA differs from type 2 diabetes. LADA accounts for 5 to 10% of all diabetes cases in European adults. The condition needs to be treated by insulin. Metformin may not be enough for this type of diabetes. (David Liu)