盐可能会增加成人2型和晚期自身免疫性糖尿病的风险

09/19/17 (jkzx.com) – 对瑞典人群的一项新研究发现,高钠水平的消费与成人新发糖尿病风险升高之间有联系。

那些摄入高钠的人发现有更多的可能被诊断患有2型糖尿病的人有43%。该研究由斯德哥尔摩Karolinska研究所环境医学研究所的Bahareh Rasouli和同事撰写。

该研究还发现,每天服用一克钠的人中,成人(LADA)潜伏性自身免疫性糖尿病诊断风险增加了73%。

与每天摄入低于2.354克钠的人相比,每天摄入超过2.87克钠的人比其他患有糖尿病的患者更有119%的可能性。

美国心脏协会建议个人每天不要吃超过2.4克的钠或每天6克的盐。

钠对携带白细胞抗原基因型的人群的LADA风险影响较大。高钠饮食与糖尿病风险增加287%。

LADA与2型糖尿病不同。 LADA占欧洲成年人所有糖尿病病例的5%至10%。这种情况需要用胰岛素治疗。二甲双胍可能不足以用于这种类型的糖尿病。

Salt may raise risk for type 2 and late autoimmune diabetes in adults

A new study of the Swedish population finds a link between consumption of high levels of sodium and elevated risk for new-onset diabetes in adults.

Those who had high intake of sodium are found 43% more likely to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The study is authored by Bahareh Rasouli of the Institute of Environmental Medicine at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm and colleagues.

The study also finds that risk for diagnosis with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) was 73% increased among those who eat one additional gram of sodium per day.

Those who eat more than 2.87 grams of sodium per day are 119% more likely to be diagnosed with diabetes, compared to those eating less than 2.354 grams of sodium per day.

The American Heart Association recommends that individuals should not eat more than 2.4 grams of sodium per day or 6 grams of salt per day.

Sodium has a greater impact on the risk for LADA in people who carry leukocyte antigen genotypes.  High sodium diets are associated with 287% increased risk for the diabetes.

LADA differs from type 2 diabetes.  LADA accounts for 5 to 10% of all diabetes cases in European adults.  The condition needs to be treated by insulin.  Metformin may not be enough for this type of diabetes. (David Liu)

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