Many vaccinated with COVID-19 vaccines still get infected 許多接種了COVID-19疫苗的仍被感染

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03/23/2021 (jkzx.com) — Researchers from University of California – San Diego conducted a survey and found covid 19 vaccines made by Moderna and Pfizer may not be as effective as claimed at preventing SARS-CoV-2 infection.

The study published in The New England Journal of Medicine, published online March 23, 2021 shows that up to 1.19% vaccine recipients were diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 after they received two doses during two weeks after infection of two doses.

The researchers followed up with 36,659 health care workers who were previously vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 with 28,184 receiving a second shot. The purpose is to see how many still get infected with the covid 19 virus. These workers got shots between between December 16, 2020 and February 9, 2021.

In the group, 379 workers tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 within 14 days after the first injection of a cobid 19 vaccine. After receiving two doses, 37 health care workers tested positive when a maximum immune protection is expected.

The overall SARS-CoV-2 infection rate during the follow-up is 1.19 percent among those receiving covid 19 vaccine from one clinic and 0.97 percent in another both of which are higher than the risk estimated in the vaccine clinical trials.

Lucy E. Horton, MD, MPH, coauthor of the report, associate professor of the University of California – San Diego said the infection risk can have something to do with a regional surge in infections during that period, and young ages of this group which is linked to a greater overall risk of exposure to covid 19.

Although the professor does not mean to suggest the vulnerability of the group to the infection, the statement she made could hint that this group are still at risk of getting covid 19 when exposed to SARS-CoV-2. And they better not get themselves exposed to the virus.

The researchers said the risk for the vaccinated health workers to get infected with covid 19 is rare 14 days after they get the second dose. But they admitted that the risk is not 100%.

There is a possibility that the SARS-CoV-2 infection risk will go up if these subjects were followed up for a longer period.

Previous studies indicated the potency of immunity against SARS-CoV-2 infection can fade away in a matter of months meaning that the actual infection rate of covid 19 can increase among those vaccinated.

加利福尼亞大學聖地亞哥分校的研究人員進行了一項調查,發現Moderna和Pfizer生產的covid 19疫苗在預防SARS-CoV-2感染方面可能不如聲稱的有效。

該研究發表在2021年3月23日在線發表於《新英格蘭醫學雜誌》上的研究表明,最多有1.19%的疫苗接種者在感染兩劑後兩週內接受兩劑後被診斷出SARS-CoV-2。

研究人員跟進了36659名醫護人員,他們先前曾接種SARS-CoV-2疫苗,其中28184人接受了第二接種。目的是查看仍有多少人感染了covid 19病毒。這些工人在2020年12月16日至2021年2月9日之間遭到槍擊。

在該組中,首次注射共價19疫苗後的14天之內,有379名工人的SARS-CoV-2檢測呈陽性。接受兩次劑量後,當期望最大程度的免疫保護時,有37名醫護人員測試為陽性。

隨訪期間,從一家診所接受covid 19疫苗的人中SARS-CoV-2總體感染率為1.19%,在另一家診所中為0.97%,兩者均高於疫苗臨床試驗中估計的風險。

該報告的合著者,加利福尼亞大學聖地亞哥分校的副教授露西·霍頓(Lucy E. Horton)是該報告的合著者。與暴露於covid 19的更大總體風險有關。

儘管這位教授並不是要暗示該人群易受感染,但她的發言可能暗示該人群在暴露於SARS-CoV-2時仍處於獲得covid 19的風險中。而且他們最好不要讓自己暴露於病毒中。

研究人員說,接種疫苗的醫務人員在接受第二劑疫苗14天后,極少會感染covid 19。但是他們承認風險不是100%。

如果對這些受試者進行更長時間的隨訪,SARS-CoV-2感染的風險可能會增加。

先前的研究表明,針對SARS-CoV-2感染的免疫力可以在幾個月內消失,這意味著在接種疫苗的人群中,covid 19的實際感染率可以提高。

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