Aluminum is intricately associated with the neuropathology of familial Alzheimer’s disease 鋁與家族性阿爾茨海默氏病的神經病理學密切相關


News Release 9-Apr-2021

Editor’s note: This study suggests that Alzheimer’s disease has something to do with aluminum. Aluminum is commonly used in household goods and consumer goods. Aluminum can be found commonly in drinking water and processed foods. Baking powder contains high amounts of aluminum. Aluminum can show up in a food as a contaminant which is never labeled on the ingredient list. Watch out for this metal if you do not have to develop a disease like Alzheimer’s.

編者註:這項研究表明,阿爾茨海默氏病與鋁有關。 鋁常用於家庭用品和消費品。 鋁通常存在於飲用水和加工食品中。 發酵粉中含有大量的鋁。 鋁可能以污染物形式出現在食品中,這種污染物從未在成分錶中標明。 如果您不必患上阿爾茨海默氏病,請提防這種金屬。

IOS Press

Research News

IMAGE: The image shows aluminum (orange) in a neuron in a donor’s brain tissue with familial Alzheimer’s disease. The same neuron revealed positive immunostaining (brown) for phosphorylated tau (pTau). Merging these… view more  Credit: Dr. Mold

Amsterdam, April 9, 2021 — This study builds upon two earlier published studies (Mold et al., 2020, Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports) from the same group. The new data, also published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Reports, demonstrate that aluminum is co-located with phosphorylated tau protein, present as tangles within neurons in the brains of early-onset or familial Alzheimer’s disease (AD).

“The presence of these tangles is associated with neuronal cell death, and observations of aluminum in these tangles may highlight a role for aluminum in their formation,” explained lead investigator Matthew John Mold, PhD, Birchall Centre, Lennard-Jones Laboratories, Keele University, Staffordshire, UK.

The earlier research highlighted widespread co-localization of aluminum and amyloid-β in brain tissue in familial AD. The researchers used a highly-selective method of immunolabelling in the current study, combined with aluminum-specific fluorescence microscopy. Phosphorylated tau in tangles co-located with aluminum in the brain tissue of the same cohort of Colombian donors with familial AD were identified.

“It is of interest and perhaps significance with respect to aluminum’s role in AD that its unequivocal association with tau is not as easily recognizable as with amyloid-β. There are many more aggregates of aluminum with amyloid-β than with tau in these tissues and the latter are predominantly intracellular,” remarked co-author, Professor Christopher Exley.

Per Dr. George Perry, Editor-in-Chief of Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, “Aluminum accumulation has been associated with Alzheimer’s disease for nearly half a century, but it is the meticulously specific studies of Drs. Mold and Exley that are defining the exact molecular interaction of aluminum and other multivalent metals that may be critical to formation of the pathology of Alzheimer’s disease.”

“The new data may suggest that the association of aluminum with extracellular senile plaques precedes that with intracellular aggregates of tau. These relationships with both amyloid-β and tau may account for the high levels of aluminum observed in the brain tissue of donors with familial AD versus those without a diagnosis of neurodegenerative disease,” said Dr Mold. “Tau and amyloid-beta are known to act in synergy to produce neurotoxicity in AD and our data provide new evidence for a role of aluminum in this process”.


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