Foods with highest amounts of pesticides in the U.S. | 美國農藥含量最高的食物

Cited from https://www.ewg.org/foodnews/summary.php

EWG’s Dirty Dozen for 2022

  1. Strawberries
  2. Spinach
  3. Kale, collard and mustard greens
  4. Nectarines
  5. Apples
  6. Grapes
  7. Bell and hot peppers
  8. Cherries
  9. Peaches
  10. Pears
  11. Celery
  12. Tomatoes

 

Of the 46 items included in our analysis, these Dirty Dozen foods were contaminated with more pesticides than other crops, according to our analysis of USDA data.1 (The rankings are based not only on the percentage of samples with pesticides but also on the number and amount of pesticides on all samples and on individual samples. See Methodology.)

Key findings:

  • More than 90 percent of samples of strawberries, apples, cherries, spinach, nectarines and grapes tested positive for residues of two or more pesticides.
  • Kale, collard and mustard greens, as well as hot peppers and bell peppers, had the most pesticides detected, 103 and 101 pesticides in total, respectively.
  • A single sample of kale, collard and mustard greens had up to 21 different pesticides.
  • On average, spinach samples had 1.8 times as much pesticide residue by weight as any other crop tested.
  • The pesticide most frequently detected on collards, mustard greens and kale is DCPA – sold under the brand name Dacthal – which is classified by the EPA as a possible human carcinogen and which was banned by the EU in 2009.
  • Other problematic pesticides on greens include potentially neurotoxic neonicotinoids and pyrethroids.

EWG 2022 年的骯髒一打
草莓
菠菜
羽衣甘藍、羽衣甘藍和芥菜
油桃
蘋果
葡萄
甜椒和辣椒
櫻桃
桃子

芹菜
番茄

根據我們對美國農業部數據的分析,在我們分析的 46 項食品中,這些骯髒的十幾種食品比其他作物受更多農藥污染。 1(排名不僅基於農藥樣本的百分比,還基於數量所有樣品和單個樣品上的農藥含量和數量。請參閱方法。)

主要發現:

超過 90% 的草莓、蘋果、櫻桃、菠菜、油桃和葡萄樣本的兩種或多種農藥殘留檢測呈陽性。
羽衣甘藍、羽衣甘藍和芥菜,以及辣椒和甜椒,檢測到的農藥最多,分別為 103 和 101 種農藥。
一份羽衣甘藍、羽衣甘藍和芥菜樣品含有多達 21 種不同的農藥。
平均而言,菠菜樣品的農藥殘留量是其他任何被測作物的 1.8 倍。
在羽衣甘藍、芥菜和羽衣甘藍中最常檢測到的農藥是 DCPA——以 Dacthal 品牌銷售——被 EPA 列為可能的人類致癌物,並於 2009 年被歐盟禁止。
其他有問題的綠色農藥包括潛在的神經毒性新菸鹼類和擬除蟲菊酯。

EWG’s Clean Fifteen for 2022

  1. Avocados
  2. Sweet corn
  3. Pineapple
  4. Onions
  5. Papaya
  6. Sweet peas (frozen)
  7. Asparagus
  8. Honeydew melon
  9. Kiwi
  10. Cabbage
  11. Mushrooms
  12. Cantaloupe
  13. Mangoes
  14. Watermelon
  15. Sweet Potatoes

 

These 15 items had the lowest amounts of pesticide residues, according to EWG’s analysis of the most recent USDA data.1

Key findings:

  • Almost 70 percent of Clean Fifteen fruit and vegetable samples had no detectable pesticide residues.
  • Avocados and sweet corn were the cleanest produce – less than 2 percent of samples showed any detectable pesticides.
  • Just under 5 percent of Clean Fifteen fruit and vegetable samples had residues of two or more pesticides.
  • The first six Clean Fifteen items tested positive for just three or fewer pesticides per sample.

See the full list of fruits and vegetables.

EWG 的 2022 年清潔 15

牛油果
甜玉米
菠蘿
洋蔥
番木瓜
甜豌豆(冷凍)
蘆筍
蜜瓜
獼猴桃
捲心菜
蘑菇
哈密​​瓜
芒果
西瓜
紅薯

根據 EWG 對美國農業部最新數據的分析,這 15 種物品的農藥殘留量最低。 1

主要發現:

近 70% 的 Clean 15 水果和蔬菜樣品沒有可檢測到的農藥殘留。
鱷梨和甜玉米是最清潔的農產品——不到 2% 的樣品顯示出任何可檢測到的農藥。
在 Clean 15 水果和蔬菜樣品中,只有不到 5% 含有兩種或多種農藥殘留。
前六個 Clean 15 項目在每個樣本中僅檢測出三種或更少的殺蟲劑呈陽性。

查看水果和蔬菜的完整列表。

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