食用深加工食品跟心脏病,中风和过早死亡有关 Ultra-processed foods linked to heart disease, stroke and premature death

食用深加工食品跟心脏病,中风和过早死亡有关

两项大型研究表明,深加工食品或垃圾食品爱好者可能更容易患上心脏病,中风并死于过早死亡。

两项大型研究显示,从包装中获得许多膳食的人可能会患心脏病,中风和过早死亡的风险增加。

5月29日在BMJ发表的研究表明,深加工食品的消费与心脏病,中风和过早死亡的风险增加有关。

研究中定义的深加工食品不仅包括薯片,糖果和快餐,还包括面包,加工肉类,调味汁和消费者用作主食的冷冻食品。

一项研究对超过100,000名法国男性和女性进行了为期五年的研究,结果发现那些食用加工过程最多的食物的人比那些食用量最少的人更容易发生心血管事件。

应该注意的是,食物不必像装有大量糖,盐或脂肪的食物那样糟糕。人们患心脏病,中风或过早死亡的风险较高,不是因为他们肥胖,没有身体活动或有其他不健康的行为。

一些研究表明,深加工食品的消费与心脏病,中风和过早死亡风险增加之间的联系的原因可能与食品加工过程中形成的添加剂或污染物或污染物或缺乏营养素有关。

另一项研究跟踪了近20,000名西班牙男女,以确定深加工食品消费与寿命缩短风险之间的关系。研究发现,与摄入量最低的那些相比,那些摄入过量高加工食品的人在随访的二十年中死亡的可能性要高62%。

深加工食品可能缺乏许多营养素,并且有许多过程诱导的毒素,如丙烯醛和丙烯酰胺以及高温下制备的肉类中的致癌物质。

与那些不吃或少吃垃圾食品的人相比,这些深加工食品或垃圾食品的其他问题可能是这些人不太关心他们的食物,生活方式和健康。(Dr. Lu)

Ultra-processed foods linked to heart disease, stroke and premature death

Ultra-processed food or junk food lovers may be more likely to develop heart disease, suffer stroke and die premature death, two large studies suggest.

People who get many of their meals from packages may have heightened risks of heart disease, stroke and premature death, two large studies suggest.

The studies published on May 29 in BMJ linked consumption of ultra-processed foods to elevated risk for heart disease, stroke and premature death.

Ultra-processed foods defined in the studies include not only chips, sweets and fast food, but also the breads, processed meats, sauces and frozen meals consumers use as main staples.

One study followed more than 100,000 French men and women for five years and found that those eating the most processed foods were 23% more likely to experience cardiovascular events, compared to those eating the lowest amounts.

It should be noted that the foods do not have to be as bad as those loaded with high amounts of sugar, salt or fat. People were at elevated risk for heart disease, stroke or dying premature death not because they were obese, not physically active or had other unhealthy behaviors.

Some studies suggest that the cause for the link between consumption of ultra-processed foods and increased risk for heart disease, stroke and premature death may have something to do with additives or pollutants or contaminants formed during food processing or lack of nutrients.

Another study followed up nearly 20,000 Spanish men and women to establish the association between ultra-processed food consumption and risk of a shorter lifespan. It found that those with high intake of ultra-processed foods were 62% more likely to die during the two decades of follow-up, compared to those with the lowest intake.

Processed foods can lack many nutrients and have many process-induced toxins such acrolein and acrylamide and carcinogens from meat prepared at high temperature.

Other problems with those junk food eaters may be that these people less care about their foods, lifestyle and health than those who do not eat or eat less junk foods.

Reference

Hall KD, Ayuketah A, Bernstein S, et al. Ultra-processed diets cause excess calorie intake and weight gain: A one-month inpatient randomized controlled trial of ad libitum food intake. Cell Metabolism. May 16, 2019.

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