吃坚果会降低糖尿病患者的心血管疾病风险和相关死亡率

哈佛大学研究人员于2019年2月在“循环研究”杂志上发表的一项研究表明,吃坚果,尤其是坚果,可以帮助预防糖尿病患者心血管疾病,中风,癌症和这些疾病的死亡。

研究人员分析了1980年至2014年参加护士健康研究的16,217名糖尿病男女患者和1986年和2014年卫生专业人员随访研究的数据,发现坚果消费与心血管疾病和死亡风险之间的联系从疾病。

该研究发现,较高的坚果总消费量与降低心血管疾病发病率和死亡率的风险相关。每周吃5份或更多份坚果(每份28克)的参与者患上心血管疾病,冠心病并死于冠心病和所有原因的风险与那些每周吃不到1份的人相比,分别降低17%,20%,34%和31%。

坚果总消费量与心血管疾病,冠心病和心血管疾病和癌症死亡风险降低的风险并不显着相关。然而,更高的树木坚果消费与总体心血管疾病,冠心病发病率和心血管疾病,癌症和所有原因导致的死亡风险降低有关,而吃花生只与较低的全因死亡风险有关。

此外,在诊断后开始食用总坚果的糖尿病患者患心血管疾病的可能性降低11%,患冠心病的可能性降低15%,死于心血管疾病的可能性降低25%,所有原因死亡的可能性降低27% ,与那些在诊断后没有开始吃坚果的人相比。(DR. LU)

Eating nuts lower risk of cardiovascular disease and associated mortality in diabetics

A study conducted by researchers at Harvard University and published in Feb 2019 in the journal Circulation Research suggests that eating nuts, particularly tree nuts can help prevent cardiovascular disease, stroke, cancer, and death from these diseases in diabetic patients.

The researchers analyzed data from 16,217 men and women with diabetes who were enrolled in the Nurses’ Health Study during 1980 to 2014 and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study during 1986 and 2014, and found the link between nut consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease and death from the disease.

The study found that higher total nut consumption was correlated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality. Participants who ate 5 or more servings of nuts each week (28 grams per serving) were 17%, 20%, 34% and 31% less like to develop cardiovascular disease and coronary heart disease and die from coronary heart disease and all causes, respectively, compared to those who ate less than 1 serving per week.

The total nut consumption was not significantly linked to lower risk of total cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease and death risk from cardiovascular disease and cancer.  However, higher consumption of tree nuts was linked with lower risk of total cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease incidence and death risk from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all causes while eating peanuts was linked with lower all-cause death risk only.

Additionally, diabetics who started eating total nuts after diagnosis were 11% less likely to develop cardiovascular disease, 15% less likely to develop coronary heart disease, 25% less likely to die from cardiovascular disease, and 27% less likely to die from all causes, compared to those who did not start eating nuts post-diagnosis.

Sources:

Nut Consumption in Relation to Cardiovascular Disease Incidence and Mortality among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus
Gang Liu , Marta Guasch-Ferre , Yang Hu , Yanping Li , Frank B Hu , Eric B Rimm , JoAnn E Manson , Kathryn Rexrode , and Qi Sun
Originally published 19 Feb 2019

$$$ 如果你愿意,你可以在这捐款支持我们。谢谢。$$$
$$$ If you would, you can make a donation here to support us. Thank you. $$$

57

No Responses

Write a response

sixteen − 16 =